In his guest-blog, Alan Sherry, Chair of the Community Learning and Development Standards Council for Scotland, tells us about the importance of partnership-working between CLD, colleges, public health and community development, in order to create an effective lifelong learning system for the 21st century.
When we move to the next stage of the Scottish Government route map to recovery there is an opportunity to consider how the renewal phase is one which maximises the use of public resources and supports effective partnership working. The Community Learning and Development (CLD) sector contends that the renewal phase is dependent on the key role which it has in ensuring that no one or no community is left behind as Scotland seeks to address the challenging civic and economic environment which is both the legacy and continuing reality of the pandemic.
The CLD sector contends that there is now an opportunity arising from the pandemic to create a coherent and cohesive tertiary education sector which provides a national resilient, systemic approach to support both individuals and communities. This approach to 21st century Lifelong Learning would utilise all three aspects of CLD (adult learning, community development and youth work), supporting Scottish Government policies, while obtaining maximum benefit from the public investment in education.
The latest Nomis labour market data shows over 700,000 adults in Scotland with no, or level1, qualifications. It is anticipated that the economic downturn will have the greatest impact on this cohort with a substantial rise in unemployment anticipated.
The importance of ensuring that these individuals have access to appropriate learning opportunities is one of the key lessons from previous recessions. The failure to protect community-based adult learning during earlier recessions has resulted in wider deep-seated socio-economic deprivation as individuals have not been able to acquire the skills required to engage in further study or sustainable employment while limiting opportunities to support mental health and well-being.
The CLD sector has a long-standing and effective track record of delivering community-based adult learning which enables individuals to acquire the meta-skills identified by Skills Development Scotland as central to employer needs for Industry 4.0 Community-based learning, including literacy and ESOL provision, is often the most effective means of engaging successfully with those who have had a previous negative experience of education and/or have held job roles where there has been no formal training. In addition, local access to learning removes the need to travel, the cost of which is often a major barrier to individuals in the most deprived urban and rural communities.
There is an opportunity to respond to the Scottish Government policy objective of creating a Fairer Scotland for CLD providers, working with colleges and SDS, to establish an agreed community-based learning programme for adults within each college region which supports the acquisition of the skills required for further study or employment. This curriculum offer should be linked to the development of an agreed approach to the co-creation of micro-credentials using the SCQF. Delivering a programme such as this in each college region would provide a systemic and coherent approach within the Tertiary Sector which would support effectively progression and articulation pathways to employment and/or further study.
Furthermore, the importance of Family Learning has been highlighted as a means of not only supporting the attainment of young people while also providing adults with the skills they need to progress into further study or employment.
The importance of effective communities has been highlighted by the pandemic and the basis for the response of both local authorities, local networks and third sector organisations has been effective.
An article in ‘The Lancet’, published in May 2020, identified that grassroots movements were central to the response to previous pandemics. However, it highlighted that:
Good mechanisms for community participation are hard to establish rapidly. High-quality co-production of health (education themes) takes time. Meaningful relationships between communities and providers should be nurtured to ensure sustainable and inclusive participation.
Currently the view of public health experts is that Covid-19 is likely to be a constant in the near to medium term and therefore the building of community capacity to address this threat requires to be a key strand of Scottish Government public health policy and is reflected in the Public Health Scotland strategic plan. The benefit of a CLD approach in this area would not only be in the context of public health but also in the development of the skills required for wider community empowerment/engagement and, for individuals, the acquisition of key meta-skills. Working with regional Health Boards and local communities, the CLD workforce would support engagement on health related topics and improvement programmes in the first instance related to the Covid-19 pandemic and mental health, however recognising that there are other health issues which need to be addressed.
There would of course be opportunities to work with colleges to develop programmes which would enable learners on care and health related programmes to contribute to the creation of public health messages, both within the communities in which undertook placements and their places of study.
There has been considerable emphasis on the need to support young people during the pandemic and to put in place structures which will seek to address the impact of school closures. An effective Youth Work curriculum has a major role to play in supporting schools and colleges by providing a range of learning opportunities which supports the development of meta and citizenship skills. It will also provide opportunities for young people to gain certification in areas not covered by the traditional curriculum offer.
Through the Regional Improvement Collaborative framework, CLD providers would have the opportunity to design and deliver both family learning and youth work programmes, which would support the Scottish Attainment Challenge and the widening access agenda using a range of non SQA qualifications.
As is already the case in a few colleges, a youth work curriculum has a key role to play in supporting more vulnerable learners to sustain engagement on vocational programmes, while having opportunities to evidence wider achievement. This type of approach may also provide another means – supporting raising attainment for younger learners on full-time programmes which has been a national concern for a number of academic years.
In addition there is a critical requirement that CLD representatives have the opportunity to support the development of a National Digital Strategy for Education as proposed by ScotlandIS in order to create a coherent approach to the delivery of on-line learning for all aspects of education which reaches those who are currently digitally excluded. The pandemic has highlighted both the scale of digital poverty and the need for a systemic national initiative to address this issue. Colleges, working with CLD providers within their region, also have the opportunity to devise and deliver more localised responses to addressing digital poverty, while maximising the value of public investment.
The value of a professionally qualified CLD workforce has been made even more evident by the current pandemic and their skills will have a central role to play as we enter the renewal phase. It is evident that the impact of the virus, both in terms of health and economically, has fallen disproportionately on the most deprived in society. That’s why it is essential that going forward no individual or community is left behind and that the best use is made of scarce resources to deliver the maximum benefit for all. In partnership the CLD workforce is committed to playing its part in developing a coherent and cohesive 21st Century Lifelong Learning system.